Automated Driving Definitions

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Driving involves paying attention to the vehicle, the road, and the environment so that you can steer, brake, and accelerate as needed. If you're expected to pay attention, you're still driving -- even when a vehicle feature is assisting you with steering, braking, and/or accelerating. (Driving may have a different legal meaning.)


  1. Types of trips
    1. You must drive for the entire trip

B. You may need to drive if prompted in order to maintain safety

C. You may want to drive if prompted in order to reach your destination

D. You will not need to drive for any reason


3. Types of vehicles

A. Vehicles you can drive

B. Vehicles you can't drive


4. Types of vehicle features

These are the levels of driving automation. They describe vehicle features, not the vehicles themselves

A. Assisted driving features

L0: You're driving

L1: You're driving, but you're assisted with either steering or speed

L2: You're driving, but you're assisted with both steering and speed

B. Automated driving features*

L3: You're not driving, but in order to maintain safety you will need to drive if prompted

L4a: You're not driving, but in order to travel somewhere you may need to drive if prompted

L4b: You're not driving, but you can't travel everywhere

L5: You're not driving, and you can travel everywhere

  • The operational design domain describes when and where you don't need to drive